quarta-feira, 28 de setembro de 2011


California  is a state located on the West Coast of the United States. It is by far the most populous U.S. state,[6] and the third-largest by land area (after Alaska and Texas). It is home to the nation's second- and sixth-largest census statistical areas (Los Angeles Metropolitan Area and San Francisco Bay Area), and eight of the nation's fifty most populated cities (Los Angeles, San Diego, San Jose, San Francisco, Fresno, Sacramento, Long Beach and Oakland). The capital city is Sacramento.
California's diverse geography ranges from the Pacific Coast in the west, to the Sierra Nevada mountains in the east—from the Redwood–Douglas-fir forests of the northwest, to the Mojave Desert areas in the southeast. The center of the state is dominated by Central Valley, a major agricultural area. California contains both the highest and lowest points in the contiguous United States (Mount Whitney and Death Valley), and has the third-longest coastline of all states (after Alaska and Florida). Earthquakes are a common occurrence due to the state's location along the Pacific Ring of Fire: about 37,000 are recorded annually.
The name California once referred to a large area of North America claimed by Spain that included much of modern-day Southwestern United States and the Baja California peninsula. Beginning in the late 18th century, the area known as Alta California, comprising the California territory north of the Baja Peninsula, was colonized by the Spanish Empire as part of New Spain. In 1821, Alta California became a part of Mexico following its successful war for independence. Shortly after the beginning of the Mexican-American War in 1846, a group of American settlers in Sonoma declared an independent California Republic in Alta California. Though its existence was short-lived, its flag became the precursor for California's current state flag. American victory in the war led to the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, in which Mexico ceded Alta California to the United States. Western areas of Alta California became the state of California, which was admitted as the 31st state on September 9, 1850.
The California Gold Rush beginning in 1848 led to dramatic social and demographic change, with large scale immigration from the U.S. and abroad and an accompanying economic boom. Key developments in the early 20th century included the emergence of Los Angeles as the center of the American entertainment industry, and the growth of a large, state-wide tourism sector. The late 20th century saw the development of the technology and information sectors, punctuated by the growth of Silicon Valley. In addition to California's prosperous agricultural industry, other important contributors to its economy include aerospace, education, and manufacturing. If California were a country, it would be the eighth-largest economy in the world and the 35th most populous nation. At least half of the fresh fruit produced in the United States are cultivated in California, and it also leads in the production of vegatables.

HASC code :US-CA
FIPS code :US06
Data :1850-09-09
Região :Ocidental
Divisão :Pacífico
Números da cidade :1,130
Importante :Sacramento
A cidade a maior :Los Angeles
Elevação :Hight : Mammoth Lakes 7,920 ft
Baixo : Country Club 1 ft
População :36,457,549
Área da terra :155,959 sq mi (403,932 km²)
Densidade :233.76/sq mi (90.26/km²)
ZIP Code :90000 - 96600 begin_of_the_skype_highlighting            90000 - 96600      end_of_the_skype_highlighting begin_of_the_skype_highlighting            90000 - 96600      end_of_the_skype_highlighting
Nickname :Golden State

Web site :http://www.ca.gov/


País que Pertence: Estados Unidos da América
Capital do Estado: Sacramento
Cidades principais: Los Angeles, Sacramento, San Diego, São Francisco, Fresno, San Jose
Localização geográfica: costa oeste dos EUA
Gentílico: californiano
População: 36,45 milhões de habitantes (2006)
Densidade Demográfica (habitantes por km²): 82,4
Altitude média: 884 metros
Área (em km²): 411.049
Administração: 58 condados
Principais Atividades Econômicas: finanças, comércio, turismo, indústria, tecnologia e serviços.
Rio Principal: rio Sacramento
Temperatura média anual: 20 °C
Clima: temperado mediterrâneo (maior parte do território do estado)
Índice Pluviométrico anual: 1.500 mm
- Parque Nacional de Yosemite
- Golden Gate Bridge
- Sinal de Hollywood
- Topanga Canyon
- Parque Joshua Tree
- Palm Springs
- Estação de esqui Big Bear
- Centro Musical do Condado de Los Angeles
- Praias de Los Angeles (Santa Mônica, Venice Beach, Malibu)
- Universal Studios em Los Angeles
- Ópera de Los Angeles
- Teatro Pantages (Los Angeles)
- Museo Legion of Honor (São Francisco)



O estado californiano une a agitação dos grandes centros comerciais, a magia do cinema, a exuberância da natureza e toda a versatilidade de uma metrópole. As cidades que entram no roteiro são: Los Angeles e San Francisco. Los Angeles mescla todo o romantismo e o glamour dos cineastas, com o famoso bairro de Hollywood. Próximo dali, há a luxuosa Beverly Hills, conhecida por abrigar os mais belos casarões da elite americana. San Diego e San Francisco são responsáveis por um fantástico guia de atrações, perfeito para quem gosta de uma vida cultural regada a muita música e noitadas.

 prefeitura de san francisco. 

california news: 

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